যেকোনো সার্ভিস এর জন্য আমাদের সাথে যোগাযোগ করুন এই নাম্বারে ০১৭৬৪৪৪১৫৪৩

Aside from China and India, Turkey’s gold demand last year almost doubled that of 2022, according to WGC records. “Central banks, who have bought historic levels of gold over the past two years, continue to be strong buyers in 2024 as well,” World Gold Council Global Head of Central Banks Shaokai Fan said. “They have probably been adjusting reserve allocations in accordance to their views on risk,” he said.

  1. Gold can best be viewed as a currency with lower volume and a close relationship with global interest rates.
  2. While a surge of buying from China is likely behind the recent rally, some of the more conventional factors that typically propel the yellow metal are starting to fall into line.
  3. “Central banks, who have bought historic levels of gold over the past two years, continue to be strong buyers in 2024 as well,” World Gold Council Global Head of Central Banks Shaokai Fan said.
  4. While acknowledging that physical purchases of gold have given prices a lift, Macquarie’s strategists attributed the recent $100 spike in prices to “significant futures buying” in their note dated March 7.
  5. Note that gold prices rose significantly in response to the Fed rate cuts driven by the COVID pandemic in early 2020.

Note that during this period inflation remained highly elevated, but gold prices did not rise. Instead they began to fall as the Fed hiked interest rates and offered further tightening guidance, making interest-bearing securities relatively more attractive. Interest rates have a significant inverse influence on the price of gold over the long term, as seen in the chart above.

How to Invest in Gold: Six Options to Consider

Economists Claude B. Erb, of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), and Campbell Harvey, a professor at Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business, have studied the price of gold in relation to several factors. The commodity rose to as high $2,141.79 per ounce, eclipsing its December all-time high of $2,135.39, according to Bloomberg data. Gold surged to a new record on Tuesday, as geopolitical tensions and interest rate speculation drove a rally in the yellow metal.

Alongside China, consumer demand for gold in India is also one of the world’s biggest, said Smallwood, especially during India’s wedding season, which runs typically from October to December, and between January and March. Remember, gold is a commodity and it should be viewed as such, meaning gold will frequently track broader commodity indexes, rather than deviate significantly from the overall commodity market. As a result, for portfolios, gold should form only a small portion of https://www.day-trading.info/core-spreads-alternatives-for-2021/ the overall allocation to commodities—5% to 10% maximum gold holdings is the going wisdom for a diversified portfolio. Because gold does not offer any return (apart from price appreciation/depreciation), it tends to respond inversely to interest rate moves. As interest rates rise, gold loses demand in favor of interest-bearing securities, such as short-term U.S. Some forces affect the supply of gold in the wider market, and gold is a worldwide commodity market, like oil or coffee.

Aside from the fact that the number of people who might want to buy it is constantly on the rise, jewelry and investment demand offer some clues. As Peter Hug, director of global trading at Kitco, said, “It ends up in a drawer someplace.” The gold in jewelry is effectively taken off the market for years at a time. Gold is the quintessential “anti-dollar” — a place to turn for those who distrust fiat currency — so it seemed natural that prices would rise in a world of low real interest rates and cheap dollars.

The price of gold is moved by a combination of supply and demand, interest rates (and interest rate expectations), and investor behavior vis a vis risk. That seems simple enough, yet the way those factors work together is sometimes counterintuitive. Gold trades deep in negative territory below $2,170 on Friday as the persistent USD strength doesn’t allow XAU/USD to benefit from declining bond yields. The pair still looks to post small weekly gains after having pulled away from the record high it set above $2,220 on Wednesday. While MAS did not disclose the reason for the investment decision, Fan surmised that central banks across the board have been wary of the geopolitical risks from the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict. China is the leading driver for both consumer demand and central bank gold purchases, and the country’s not likely to slow down.


Unrelenting consumer inflation, limited available alternative investment and domestic political uncertainty during the presidential elections last year drove Turkey’s demand for the yellow metal. Singapore recorded the third highest net gold purchases in 2023, driven by purchases by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), which bought 76.51 tons. Prices could rise to $2,300 per ounce in the second half of 2024, especially against the backdrop of expectations that the U.S. Federal Reserve could cut rates in the second half of 2024, Aakash Doshi, Citi’s North America head of commodities research, told CNBC. This week, investors will be watching Chairman Jerome Powell’s congressional testimony for more clues about the path of monetary policy.

“In the past decade, Russia and China have been the two largest buyers. However, central bank purchases in recent years have diversified,” Doshi. Strong physical demand for gold is also fueled by its appeal as a safe-haven asset amid geopolitical uncertainties. Higher rates tend to reduce the appeal of gold compared with bonds as it does not pay any interest, while a stronger dollar erodes the sheen of greenback-priced bullion for https://www.forexbox.info/best-day-trading-stocks-the-best-day-trading/ holders of other currencies. Despite market lore that gold is a good hedge against inflation, the reality is much more mixed, meaning the two are essentially uncorrelated. This can be seen in the chart above, where inflation spiked in 2022, but gold retreated as interest rates rose. Gold has definitively broken out of the range it’s been stuck in since the start of this decade, reaching a record $2,195 per troy ounce this month.

China central bank top buyer

The optimistic outlook for the US economy lifts the US Dollar (USD) to a three-week high, which, in turn, is seen as a key factor undermining the commodity. Apart from this, a generally positive risk tone and hopes for a ceasefire in Gaza exert additional downward pressure on the safe-haven precious metal. Poland’s central bank governor Adam Glapiński in 2021 had announced plans to buy 100 tons of gold in a bid to boost the country’s financial security, according to local media reports. Central banks have tried to manage their gold sales in a cartel-like fashion, to avoid disrupting the market too much. Something called the Washington Agreement essentially states that the banks won’t sell more than 400 metric tons in a year. The Federal Reserve (Fed), meanwhile, projected a less restrictive policy stance and three interest rate cuts for 2024, lifting bets for an eventual move at the June policy meeting.


As gold offers no yield, it’s more attractive to traders when bond and cash returns weaken. China has been diversifying its state foreign reserves into gold for much of the past decade, though reporting of its activity has been patchy. Whether China continues to add at record prices is now a big question, but appetite from the nation’s wealthy individuals seems to remain unsated. Gold price (XAU/USD) continues losing ground through the early part of the European session on Friday and now looks to extend the overnight retracement slide from the record peak.

This is reinforced by a fresh leg down in the US Treasury bond yields, which might hold back the USD bulls from placing aggressive bets and lend support to the non-yielding Gold price. Hence, it will be prudent to wait for strong follow-through selling before positioning for any further depreciating move for the XAU/USD. “Turkey recorded strong retail demand as well, with investors piling into gold during 10 different ways to start investing with just $1000 the presidential election last year to protect against potential volatility in the Turkish lira,” Fan added. According to data from the World Gold Council, China overtook India to become the world’s largest gold jewelry buyer in 2023. “At the retail consumer level, China was a major factor in strong demand for gold last year as individuals moved into gold to diversify from other asset classes,” Fan said.

Both ETFs trade on the exchanges like stock and measure their holdings in ounces of gold. The rally in gold continues with prices hitting an all-time high on Thursday — and there’s room for it to rise more as central banks continue to purchase bullion in record amounts. In the XAU/USD Price Forecast 2024, our analyst, Eren Sengezer, notes that Gold carries its bullish potential into early 2024 on prospects of a looser Fed policy, lower US bond yields and a weaker USD. A downturn in the global economy, however, could weigh on demand and limit the precious metal’s gains. A lack of progress in the Fed’s efforts to lower inflation, on the other hand, could cause XAU/USD to turn south.Read more details about the forecast.

The country’s central bank demand for gold also continues to be strong, with the Reserve Bank of India purchasing 8.7 tons of gold in January, marking the highest monthly purchase since July 2022. China’s weak economy and embattled real estate sector also drove more investors toward the safe-haven asset, with individual gold investment remaining robust, WGC said. On top of the People’s Bank of China buying the most gold amongst the world’s central banks, the country also recorded the highest amount of retail gold purchases. The problem for central banks is that this is precisely when the other investors out there aren’t that interested in gold. Thus, a central bank is always on the wrong side of the trade, even though selling that gold is precisely what the bank is supposed to do. In their paper titled The Golden Dilemma, Erb and Harvey note that gold has positive price elasticity.

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Easysoftonicযেকোনো সার্ভিস এর জন্য আমাদের সাথে যোগাযোগ করুন এই নাম্বারে ০১৭৬৪৪৪১৫৪৩